What is an Education Health Care Plan?
An Education Health Care Plan (EHCP) is a legally binding document drawn up by the local authority.
The purpose of an EHCP is to make special educational provision to meet the Special Educational Needs of the child or young person, to secure the best possible outcomes for them in their education, health and social care, and as they get older, prepare them for adulthood.
This document should be detailed and precise about what support should be delivered to a child and outcomes sought. Outcomes are at the core of an EHCP. They are defined as a benefit or difference made to an individual as a result of an intervention.
Parents and Young People must be asked for their views about what outcomes they seek. The Local Authority must take these on board. Outcomes must be SMART ( Specific. Measurable. Achievable. Realistic. Time based)
The EHCP should contain the following sections:
- The views and aspirations of the child or young person
- Their special educational needs
- Their health care needs that are related to their SEN or disability
- Their social care needs that are related to their SEN or disability
- Outcomes sought including outcomes for their adult life
- Special educational provision. ( including health or social care provision that educates or trains the child or young person must appear in this section, which, unlike sections G and H, is legally enforceable)
- Health care provision
- Social care provision
- School placement
- Personal budget
- List of advice and information gathered during the assessment period
EHCP’s were introduced in September 2014. Prior to that, Statements of Special Education Needs were made. The Department of Education has set a deadline of 31st March 2018 in which to convert all remaining Statements of SEN into ECHP’s.